Englewood, New Jersey
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Englewood is a city located in Bergen County, New Jersey. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 26,203.
Englewood was incorporated as a city by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 17, 1899, from portions of Ridgefield Township and the remaining portions of Englewood Township. With the creation of the City of Englewood, Englewood Township was dissolved.
Englewood is located at 40°53'36" North, 73°58'33" West (40.893343, -73.975801). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.8.km2 (4.9 sq mi). 4.9 square miles (12.7 km2) of it is land and 0.20% is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 26,203 people, 9,273 households, and 6,481 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,322.0 people per square mile (2,056.3/km2). There were 9,614 housing units at an average density of 1,952.7/sq mi (754.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 42.49% White, 38.98% African American, 0.27% Native American, 5.21% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 8.50% from other races, and 4.50% from two or more races. 21.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 9,273 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.
The Englewood Public School District serves students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade. For high school, students from Englewood Cliffs attend Dwight Morrow High School as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Englewood Cliffs Public Schools.
Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are D. A. Quarles Early Childhood Center (400 students; PreK-1), Cleveland School (363; 1-5), Lincoln School (428; 1-5), Janis E. Dismus Middle School (534; 6-8), Dwight Morrow High School (9-12; 1,059) and Academies at Englewood (9-12).
As an alternative to regular public education, Englewood has the Englewood on the Palisades Charter School (216; K-5).
High school students from Englewood may also apply on a competitive basis to attend the public Bergen County Technical High Schools and Bergen County Academies, with the former located in Teterboro and Paramus and the latter located in Hackensack.
Englewood is the home to a number of private schools. Dwight-Englewood School has 935 students in preschool through twelfth grade. Elisabeth Morrow School serves 462 students in preschool through eighth grade. Moriah School of Englewood is a Jewish day school with nearly 1,000 students in preschool through eighth grade, and St. Cecilia Interparochial School is a Catholic school with 165 students in pre-k 3 through eighth grade. Yeshiva Ohr Simcha serves students in high school for grades 9-12 and offers a postgraduate yeshiva program.
New Jersey Transit bus lines serving Englewood include the 166 to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan; the 171, 175, 178 and 186 routes to the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal; and the 756 and 780 offering local service.
Route 4, Route 93, Interstate 95, County Route 501, and County Route 505 also serve Englewood. The northern terminus of Route 93 is at the intersection of Route 4 and Route 93, but the road continues north as CR 501.
A proposed extension of the Hudson–Bergen Light Rail along the Northern Branch would include stations at Englewood Hospital, Town Center and Route 4.
Origin of Name
Englewood was so named because it was the first primarily English-speaking settlement on the New Jersey side of the Hudson River in former New Netherland after the annexation of New Netherland by England in 1664. Numerous other settlements in the United States were named for Englewood as settlement in North America expanded westward.
Pre-Colonial and Colonial
Englewood, like the rest of New Jersey, was originally populated by Lenni-Lenape Native Americans prior to European colonization. The Lenape who lived in the Englewood region were of the "turtle clan" which used a stylized turtle as its symbol, but little else is known of the original inhabitants.
When Henry Hudson sailed up what would become known as the Hudson River in 1607, he claimed the entirety of the watershed of the river, including Englewood, for the Netherlands, making the future region of Englewood a part of New Netherland. However, the region remained largely unsettled under Dutch rule as the Dutch did little to encourage settlement north of modern Hudson County, as the imposing New Jersey Palisades blocked expansion on the west bank of the Hudson.
In 1664, after the Dutch surrendered all of New Netherland to England, the rate of settlement picked up. The English were generous with land grants, and many families, not only English but also Dutch and Huguenot, settled the area, which during the colonial era was known as the English Neighborhood. Street names in Englewood still recall the relative diversity of its earliest settlers; Brinckerhoff, Van Brunt, Lydecker, Van Nostrand and Durie (Duryea), all Dutch; Demarest (de Marais), DeMott and Lozier (Le Sueur), French Huguenot; and Moore, Lawrence, Cole and Day, English.
From 1906 until 1907 when it burned down, Englewood was the site of Upton Sinclair's socialist inflected intentional community, the Helicon Home Colony. Associated with the project were Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Lewis Sinclair.
The telephone industry made a United States "first" in Englewood with the introduction of what is known now as Direct distance dialing (DDD). On November 10, 1951, Englewood Mayor M. Leslie Downing made the first directly-dialed long distance call, to Mayor Frank Osborne of Alameda, California. As of that date, customers of the ENglewood 3, ENglewood 4 and TEaneck 7 exchanges (who could already dial New York City and area) were able to dial 11 cities across the United States, simply by dialing the three-digit area code and the seven digit number (or the three-digit area code and the local number of two letters and five digits).
Vince Lombardi began his coaching career at St. Cecilia High School two years after his graduation from Fordham University, and the NFL championship trophy is named in his honor.
In the 2008 movie Nick & Norah's Infinite Playlist, Norah Silverberg, one of the primary characters, is from Englewood although Englewood is never seen in the film.